Heaven and the Soul

Before discussing either the soul or heaven perhaps it is best to take a look at other parts of the plan of God in order to see what the end results are supposed to be.  Ezekiel 40 to 48 describe the Temple of the Last Age, this temple has never been built, but this is in prophecy so it must come to pass where? At a very high hill in Israel.

 

Isaiah 55:11  So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

 

Reflecting on the first couple of verses in Revelation 21, a New Jerusalem is also promised.  Is this the temple? No it isn’t, it is New Jerusalem, why New? Perhaps because of the following verses.  Jerusalem would not receive the gospel because of this rejection perhaps the city with be destroyed in the great day of the Lords coming, this is very possible and probable, especially if the temple described in Ezekiel is in that vicinity like many people think.  Modern Day Jerusalem has far too many buildings, suburbs and a rather offensive mosque on Mt. Zion. Not to mention Homosexual parades, Christ rejecting Jews, The Great Whore Catholic church system, and almost non-existent Protestants.  This makes for the perfect blend of those with foretold roles preordained for slaughter.

 

Acts 22:18  And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me.

 

Luke 10:10 to 12  But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways out into the streets of the same, and say,  Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.  But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city.

 

Wait isn’t there supposed to be a new heaven and new earth? How can this be in Israel then? After all if it is new then it is not the same land Abraham saw is it? If it is a new earth, then it’s different from what God promised Abraham.

 

Genesis 13:14 to 15  And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward: For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever.

 

Now let us check Revelation.

 

Revelation 21:1 to 2  And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

 

What we find here is because of the promise to Abraham the “New” should mean and does mean refreshed.  Refreshed why? Because it was neglected, this is pretty obvious even google maps shows vast areas of desert all over the Middle East, which is currently desolate of plant life.  For prophecies to come true this area of the world needs refreshing in order for plants to grow. This is a more obvious and location centered point, however it is also true for other areas of the world because of pollution and radioactivity.

 

 

There are a few common misconceptions about the bible, but one of the most major is the ideology of the soul and heaven going.  So let us look for some simple obvious phrases to see if heaven going is actually true, or if perhaps this idea has some validity.  The phrases “go to heaven” and “ascend to heaven” does not exist in the King James Version, Jewish Publication Society Bible, Revised Version, 1965 Bible in Basic English, and most other versions in print.

 

The phrase ascend to heaven appears in 1 translation, The English Standard version, in 3 different passages all of those appear in the Old Testement, and not the New Testement.

 

Deuteronomy 30:10 to 14  when you obey the voice of the LORD your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes that are written in this Book of the Law, when you turn to the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.  “For this commandment that I command you today is not too hard for you, neither is it far off.  It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will ascend to heaven for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’  Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’  But the word is very near you. It is in your mouth and in your heart, so that you can do it.

 

Psalms 139:5 to 10  You hem me in, behind and before, and lay your hand upon me.  Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high; I cannot attain it.  Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence?  If I ascend to heaven, you are there! If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there!  If I take the wings of the morning and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me.

 

Isaiah 14:3 to 15  When the LORD has given you rest from your pain and turmoil and the hard service with which you were made to serve,   you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: “How the oppressor has ceased, the insolent fury ceased!  The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, the scepter of rulers, that struck the peoples in wrath with unceasing blows, that ruled the nations in anger with unrelenting persecution.  The whole earth is at rest and quiet; they break forth into singing.  The cypresses rejoice at you, the cedars of Lebanon, saying, ‘Since you were laid low, no woodcutter comes up against us.’  Sheol beneath is stirred up to meet you when you come; it rouses the shades to greet you, all who were leaders of the earth; it raises from their thrones all who were kings of the nations.  All of them will answer and say to you: ‘You too have become as weak as we! You have become like us!’  Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, the sound of your harps; maggots are laid as a bed beneath you, and worms are your covers.  “How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star, son of Dawn! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low!  You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far reaches of the north;  I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’  But you are brought down to Sheol, to the far reaches of the pit.

 

 

In context, none of these verses speak of eternal bliss in the sky. The next few passages are even more to the point.

 

John 3:13  And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.

 

Acts 1:11  Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

 

We do see however that Jesus shall return.

 

Acts 2:34 to 35  For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,  Until I make thy foes thy footstool.

 

Act 13:22 to 23  And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.  Of this man’s seed hath God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus:

 

Ezekiel 18:4  Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.

 

Psalms 89:48  What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.

 

Genesis 3:19  In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

 

Job 17:13 to 16  If I wait, the grave H7585 is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness.  I have said to corruption,H7845 Thou art my father: to the worm,H7415 Thou art my mother, and my sister.  And where is now my hope? as for my hope, who shall see it?  They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust.H6083

 

The interesting thought to be had here is that in this passage sheol, is mentioned as the place people return to dust.  Sheol is translated both grave and hell, pit, and various others, but in context and connotation really only means grave, or dying place. It is not a metaphysical alternate reality of hades, this verse is perfect evidence. If a person still disbelieves this, I would suggest getting work at the undertakers digging graves for a little while.  A much less disgusting alternative is to read the chapter Hell Should be Split.

 

Ecclessiastes 9:10  Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

 

Psalms 6:5  For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?

 

Ecclessiates 9:5 to 6  For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished H6; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun.

 

Psalms 146:3 to 4  Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help. His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish H6.

 

H6 אבד ‘âbad

BDB Definition:

1) perish, vanish, go astray, be destroyed

1a) (Qal)

1a1) perish, die, be exterminated

1a2) perish, vanish (figuratively)

1a3) be lost, strayed

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to destroy, kill, cause to perish, to give up

1b2) to blot out, do away with, cause to vanish, (figuratively)

1b3) cause to stray, lose

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to destroy, put to death

1c1a) of divine judgment

1c2) object name of kings (figuratively)

Part of Speech: verb

A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: a primitive root

Same Word by TWOT Number: 2

 

So when you die you do not have your ability to think, it’s gone, destroyed.  The ability to do, to emote, to know, to think, or to be wise, to love, to hate, to be envious, to remember, to give God thanks, this all disappears at death.  At the best if there were immaterial intangible, metaphysical souls, they would be in stasis, and the happily painted myth of going to heaven to be with God and your loved ones is a big fat lie.  If they truly do go to heaven then why do we go to graves in the earth? Are we souls or not?  Are soul’s people, or just a part of Gods spirit which animates?  Are they like a recording mechanism which gets frozen until the end times?

 

Isaiah 38:17 to 19  Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back. For the grave cannot praise thee, death can not celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth. The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I do this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.

 

This verse equate souls to the part of use which goes to the pit of corruption, or the grave.  If then the soul goes there how can it be in heaven at the same time?  Or does it go to another place later?  Let us explore these ideas.  There is only 1 verse where soul and heaven appear in a verse, in the KJV.  There are more using the Greek and Hebrew words which we will examine later.

 

Psalms 107:26  They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the depths: their soul is melted because of trouble.

 

It appears in a passage condemning people for not following God, and as you can see is not related at all to heaven going.  The words in this passage for heaven, shamyim, and soul, nephesh, in the Hebrew correspond to 7 other verses.  None of these verse have any relation to living humans, or an immaterial soul ascending to heaven.

 

Genesis 1:20  And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

 

Genesis 1:30  And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

 

Genesis 2:19  And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.

 

2 Kings 1:14  Behold, there came fire down from heaven, and burnt up the two captains of the former fifties with their fifties: therefore let my life now be precious in thy sight.

 

Jeremiah 19:7  And I will make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this place; and I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies, and by the hands of them that seek their lives: and their carcases will I give to be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.

 

Jeremiah 34:20  I will even give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life: and their dead bodies shall be for meat unto the fowls of the heaven, and to the beasts of the earth.

 

 

There are no verses in the New Testement where the word for soul, psuche, and the word for heaven, ouranos appear in the same verse.  Based on this alone the heaven ascention idea for believers does not appear to have any merit. Furthermore the phrase “going to heaven” is not in any of the common bible translations.  Now is a good time to remember Job 7:7 “O remember that my life chay is wind ruach: …”  This verse shows the Hebrew word for wind, and the relation to days of life, Hebrew chayi, to the previous verses.  These verses are a discourse on the lifespan of Job, who was a man, like us.  This is perfect for us leading into the next thought, because the word ruach is often used as proof for the existence of a soul also.  Job recalls this with perfect understanding as the days of his life.  He knew what the ruach or breath was when he said in Job 27:3 “All the while my breath neshâmâh is in me, and the spirit ruach of God is in my nostrils”.   The spirit of God, exists in our nostrils.  Think about this.  What is in our nostrils?  Moving air, mucus, and some hair.  Hair is dead and can be a symbol for a womans pride, and mucus polluted with dirt, and there are no Hebrew words for this in the bible, it is considered the same as spit.  If the word was translated as face as it also is, then what is the mouth? Spit, the tongue, and teeth.  Spit is a symbol for shame, Numbers 12:14. The Tongue is a symbol of evil, James 3:5 to 8.  Teeth also are typical as something devours life, Psalms 124:1 to 8.  God and his spirit make alive, and are not flesh which dirt or clay typifies, so hair, and mucus cannot be God’s spirit, last this must be the moving air, as these verses are related to breath.

 

Job 7:1 to 6  Is there not an appointed time to man upon earth? are not his days also like the days of an hireling? As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow, and as an hireling looketh for the reward of his work: So am I made to possess months of vanity, and wearisome nights are appointed to me. When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone? and I am full of tossings to and fro unto the dawning of the day. My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome.  My days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle, and are spent without hope.

 

Ecclessiastes 12:7  Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.

 

James 2:26  For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

 

Job 27:3  All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils;

 

Genesis 2:7  And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

 

Genesis 7:22  All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died.

 

 

The next verse comes up at times when people try to prove the soul, there is a problem though. The word used spefically means wet vapour the Greek word is ατμις atmis.

 

James 4:14  Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.

 

To this the awnser is simple, what preserves your life as a brother in Christ?  It is the water and spirit which we are baptized with.  James here is speaking to a specific set of people who are his brothers in 12 tribes, James 1:1.  This was spoken specifically to Christs Jews.  These were people who historically are known to have returned again to the law.  Those were evil, theifs, or commit fraud, will be overturned, or disappear.  Their lives were in fact just like steam, they became baptized had the spirit, returned to the law which removed their eternal lives.  This was a homogenous response of the Jews at the time, and a men raged to the gospel.

 

Galatians 2  And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.  But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?  We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.  But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.  For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.  For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.  I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.  I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

 

Galatians 3  O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?  This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?  Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

 

Concerning heaven going, it’s already been tried by other unperfected mortals, now in this age and in the past.

 

Genesis 11:4 to 9  And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech. So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city. Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

 

Trying to go to heaven, or at least build a tower, there was the reason the languages were split in the first place.  It is notable that the modern age spaceships and satellites in orbit all come crashing down to the earth, so do old towers.  Only unmanned aircraft end up in space.  Sometimes people after having died are shot off in a rocket might go into space, however this is not normal.  Mans creations are not God’s laws of nature.

 

Psalms 115:16  The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD’S: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.

 

Daniel 7:26 to 27  But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

 

Matthew 13:31 to 32  Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:  Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.

 

Ponder this, Luke and Mark have similar readings of this parable. Now seeds, where do they grow? In the ground… What about “air plants”? On trees and trees are connected to? The ground…  Yes some seeds migrate, however, they are not alive, and do not sprout until they reach something solid, like ground. Why then if we ascend to the heaven does Jesus use this parable? He could have talked about birds and eggs to teach actual heaven going.  He uses this type of analogy in one parable. Though it may be offensive, the comparison is one of true believers are more valuable than a sparrow.  The sparrow can be compared to a person who believes in heaven ascention.

 

Luke 12:6 to 7  Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them is forgotten before God?  But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows.

 

Matthew 10:29 to 31  Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.  But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.  Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.

 

 

Mark 4:26  And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;

 

Another nice idea on seeds. Seeds all have a dormancy stage, sometimes, as has been proven in Israel for several thousand years. During this time seeds are dormant, they do not do anything supernatural while they are waiting, and they are just there right where we could dig them up if we choose to, moldering into dust if start to deteriorate.

 

2 Titus 2:8  Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel:

 

1 Corinthians 15:35 to 38 But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

 

Romans 9:8  That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.

 

Also some plants are planted with Living bulbs, if the bulbs dry out too much it kills the ability to grow again. These would be like these passages below.

 

2 Titus 4:1 to 2 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

 

Acts 10:42 to 43  And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.

 

G2198 ζάωzaō

A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively): – life (-time), (a-) live (-ly), quick.

 

This type of “seed” are like the people who are on earth and are alive and Christians when Jesus returns. Opposing viewpoints or seemingly so, not really, but some view it this way.

 

Matthew 5:12  Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.

 

Luke 18:22  Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

 

What is the reward? Forgiveness of sins perhaps? Eternal life? Does the bible state heaven is the reward though? The one with the keys to death and the grave is coming back here.  Why would we need the keys to death and the grave if we were to go to the heavens?

 

Malachai 3:16  Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.

 

The “treasure” is the writing of The Book of Remembrance and The Book of Life. A great example of this is in this passage.

 

Acts 10:31  And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God.

 

Cornelius was the first gentile called, and why? Because God has remembered his acts, this was indeed Cornelius’ treasure, and he was rewarded with opportunity for salvation.

 

Now where are these books currently kept? Heaven. Where will they come during the judgment? To earth.  Thus we see the reward isn’t heaven itself but instead God’s books of remembrance of what we have done, and whether or not we are written in the book of life, and raised to immortality.

 

We also need to examine a normal statement that people say to see if the belief has merit. “When I die and go to heaven, I’ll get to see my (beloved person) again.”

 

Mark 12:27  He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.

 

Ecclessiastes 9:5  For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.

 

If we do go to heaven when we die we will not have thoughts or memories, or have knowledge, nor will we get a reward. With this verse, we understand a person won’t even recognize his beloved dead person after death. Not to mention God is not a God of the dead.

 

Genesis 2:17  But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

 

Genesis 3:4  And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

 

If the soul doesn’t die and is immortal in heaven, isn’t it technically a kind of life? If so wouldn’t that mean the serpent was right, and God lied? It is for this reason I ask who is really lying? God does not lie, therefore it must be the people, they either accidently or intentionally taught this idea to the reader.  So we find, the logic behind heaven ascention to be faulty, even as a waiting place for the resurrection.

 

Furthermore concerning the Judgment, many people think the Judgment of souls happens before the pearly gates, and many think the Judge there will be God, or Peter, and not Jesus, this is not true. The subject needs only to be understood from scriptural standpoint, and much of the superstition will disappear.  First some basics.

 

1 Samuel 8:4 to 8  Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,  And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.  But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.  And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.  According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.

 

This is the passage which holds the record as to why God setup the Kingship in Israel at first place, the purpose of having Jesus as a king was to have a judge over the people.

 

James 5:8 to 9  Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.  Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.

 

These passages link, the Lords coming with the Judgment, this is the time the judgment happens not before his return.

 

2 Timothy 4:1 & 2  I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;  Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

 

2 Timothy 4:7 to 8  I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

 

Hebrews 12:22 to 24  But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

 

John 5:22 to 23  For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.

 

It needs to be understood, there are 2 resurrections.

 

Revelation 20:4 to 6  And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years

 

 

Revelation 20:12 to 14  And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.  And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.  And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

 

The point of the last set of passages were to point out, a) the judgement doesn’t happen in heaven b) it happens in a specific area of the world c) at different times first Jesus, and then God will judge the dead and living.

It is at this point and juncture that some of the translation oddities ought to be pointed out. Along with all the variety of words that mean soul in scripture. First the words.

 

 

H5315נפשׁnephesh

From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental)

H5314נפשׁnâphash

A primitive root; to breathe; passively, to be breathed upon, that is, (figuratively) refreshed (as if by a current of air)

 

Here the two words are again spelled the same, in the Hebrew language, meaning they are the same word, this word means: breathing, vitality, breath, breathed upon, refreshed.

 

In context later on it will become apparent nephesh means “living”, after all vitality is a synonym for living.

 

H5082 נדיבה nedı̂ybâh

Feminine of H5081; properly nobility, that is, reputation

 

This word is used once translated as soul.

 

G5590 ψυχή  psuchē  psoo-khay’

From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416]

 

G5594  ψύχω  psuchō

A primary verb; to breathe (voluntarily but gently; thus differing on the one hand from G4154, which denotes properly a forcible respiration; and on the other from the base of G109, which refers properly to an inanimate breeze), that is, (by implication of reduction of temperature by evaporation) to chill (figuratively): – wax cold.

 

The first word is derived from the second. The notes in another section on the Greek language, the Greek language is complex, however when a root word is used, as is the case here, the additives to the word modify what the root means.  So from the meaning “to breathe” we get the idea of “breathing or living”, also note in the definition for psuche that Mr. Strong gives, words like rationality, and immortailty are given, and unrelated word is brought into the picture as if to argue even with the definition written by his own hand. Also notice how this soul argument is completely absent from the Hebrew language definitions which he states are the exact corresponding words in Hebrew. Though a man’s mistaken religious are often seem funny, this is not the case and can be literally a mistake which could cause one to be damned.  Now let us proceed to examine the 2 words nephesh and psuche, to look into the validity of the “escaping soul essence” theory in greater depth.

 

Ezekiel 18:4  Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.

 

 Ezekiel 18:4  הן כל הנפשׁות לי הנה כנפשׁ האב וכנפשׁ הבן לי הנה הנפשׁ החטאת היא תמות

הן they כל all הנפשׁות the living לי I or my have הנה them כנפשׁ as living האב the father וכנפשׁ and as living הבן the son לי I or my have הנה these הנפשׁ the living החטאת the sin/sinners you did היא he or she תמות they will be  perish.

 

All those alive I own them. As lives the father and the son, I own those. The sins you commited they will be your death/perish/execution.

 

Ezekiel 18:20  The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.

 

 

Ezekiel 18:20  הנפשׁ החטאת היא תמות בן לא ישׂא בעון האב ואב לא ישׂא בעון הבן צדקת הצדיק עליו תהיה ורשׁעת רשׁע עליו תהיה׃

הנפשׁ The living החטאת the sinner היא this person תמות will die בן son לא not ישׂא they carry בעון perversity האב the father ואב and father לא not ישׂא they carry בעון perversity הבן the son צדקת righteousness הצדיק and justice עליו on his תהיה they will be ורשׁעת and wickedness you did רשׁע crime עליו on his תהיה will be

 

 

The living sinner will die.  A son will not carry the crime of the father and a father will not carry the crime of the son.  Righteousness will get him justice.   Wickedness will get him a crime.

 

 

So here we find the soul to die perish and are excecuted! So much for the immortality of the soul ideology…

 

Deuteronomy 12:15  Notwithstanding thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee: the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the roebuck, and as of the hart.

 

Leviticus 17:12  Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood.

 

So now we know soul gets hungry too.

 

Leviticus 22:6  The soul which hath touched any such shall be unclean until even, and shall not eat of the holy things, unless he wash his flesh with water.

 

Leviticus 5:2  Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcase of an unclean beast, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of unclean creeping things, and if it be hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty.

 

So now we know souls are material and tangible.

 

Leviticus 22:11  But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

 

Souls can be bought and sold into slavery.

 

Leviticus 23:30  And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

 

The Soul is located among other people, and can be destroyed.

 

1 Samuel 24:11  Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.

 

A soul can be taken by another man.

 

Job 7:15  So that my soul chooseth strangling, and death rather than my life.

 

A soul can be strangled, and die by its own choice.

 

Psalms 22:20  Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.

 

A soul can be delivered of the might of the sword.

 

Psalms 49:15  But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.

 

A soul can be redeemed out of the grave.

 

On and on many passages other than the ones quoted reference the soul as a living breathing body. In the Old Testament this is the major word translated as soul, the other is translated such only 1 time, and the time it is translated so out of context.

 

Job 30:15 to 16  Terrors are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my welfare passeth away as a cloud.  And now my soul is poured out upon me; the days of affliction have taken hold upon me.

 

 Job 30:15 to 16 ההפך עלי בלהות תרדף כרוח נדבתי וכעב עברה ישׁעתי ועתה עלי תשׁתפך נפשׁי יאחזוני ימי עני

ההפך  the overturning עלי on my בלהות destruction תרדף will persue כרוח as life נדבתי my good deeds or nobility וכעב and as darkness עברה passes her ישׁעתי my salvation ועתה and now עלי on my תשׁתפך they will pour your נפשׁי life they will יאחזוני they will sieze ours ימי day of עני poverty

 

Overturning destruction against me to persue my life of good reputation and darkness passes over my salvation and now on me they will spill my life they will sieze ours in the day of poverty.

 

 

Ok let us check the New Testament to see if souls are spoken about in the same way.

 

Matthew 26:38  Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.

 

Jesus’ soul was so sad it almost died.

 

Mark 12:30  And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

 

Deuteronomy 4:29  But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD thy God, thou shalt find him, if thou seek him with all thy heart and with all thy soul.

 

Deuteronomy 6:5  And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

 

This is a citation from Deuteronomy, combines 2 passages into the whole precept, thus this confirms the 2 words are used in the exact same way.

 

Luke 12:18 to 19  And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods.  And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.

 

It is apparent in the New Testament a soul can eat, drink be merry, and take its ease… hmm

 

Acts 27:36 to 38  Then were they all of good cheer, and they also took some meat.  And we were in all in the ship two hundred threescore and sixteen souls.  And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea.

 

Many souls can be in a ship.

 

1 Peter 3:20  Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water

 

Genesis 7:7  And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.

 

Here the soul is used in reference to living people, their whole selves counted.

 

Ok we have a picture in our minds here which describes the soul as a person, has a form, a body, can eat, drink, be happy, or sad, die, love, be spilled out in days, be delivered of the sword, can be redeemed out of the grave, can be bought or sold, are located with other people, can be strangled etc, and many, many other happenings which can happen to Living Humans.  For further evidence, let us follow verses with the same words in the original tongue translated as something else in the English.

 

Genesis 1:21  And God created great whales, and every living creature H5315  that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

 

Genesis 1:24, 20, 30, 2:19, 10, 12

 

These passages nepesh is rendered as creature, and many other times in the bible as life, and as living creature. Not to mention this passage this relates to creatures of the water which do not even breathe air!  Here a great flaw in logic is found, every creature has a soul, as nephesh is the only major word in the Old Testament related to soul, so if one were to embrace this ideology, in combination with the lack of thought, emotion etc. which earlier after death all you would end up with is the basics of an eastern religious view of reincarnation, which is if a person stuck to a non physical soul theory.  The soul would be wiped clean and no memory would exist.

 

Exodus 4:19  And the LORD said unto Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought thy life. H5315

 

The passages as life. In Genesis 9:4 would it have made sense for people to eat souls?

Genesis 9:4 to 5  But flesh with the life H5315 thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.  And surely your blood of your lives H5315 will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life H5315 of man.

 

Here again as life, by the way if this were to be understood as “soul” then we find souls bleed!

 

Genesis 19:17  And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life H5315; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.

 

Genesis 36:6  And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons H5315 of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob.

 

Joshua 20:9  These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any personH5315 at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.

 

Ezekiel 33:6  But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any personH5315 from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand.

 

Genesis 14:21  And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the personsH5315 , and take the goods to thyself.

 

Exodus 16:16  This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons H5315; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.

 

 

Here nephesh is translated as person or persons, as it is in a great variety of other places in the Old Testament.   In the Old Testament, understanding the word as whole by using a variety of different passages leads us to the understanding this word, in no sense means “intangible soul” or escaping essence, simply stated is not what the word means at all. Furthermore, the word used for soul in the Greek is also used identically in the New Testament to replace both persons, and soul, as read in the Old Testament. What has happened is through religious bias, various scholars throughout the years, men foreordained for destruction, have twisted a few passages so far out of context, so as to change the meanings of root words, and when viewed as a complete whole, cannot possibly mean what they choose to define them as. However continuing in the New Testament so this can be better understood.

 

Matthew 2:20  Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child’s life. G5590

 

Matthew 10:39  He that findeth his life G5590  shall lose it: and he that loseth his life G5590  for my sake shall find it.

 

Matthew 20:28  Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life G5590 a ransom for many.

 

Mark 3:4  And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life G5590, or to kill? But they held their peace.

 

Luke 14:26  If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life G5590 also, he cannot be my disciple.

 

John 10:15  As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life G5590 for the sheep.

 

Romans 11:2 to 3  God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying, Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life G5590.

 

1 John 3:16  Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life G5590 for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

 

The passages soul was translated as Life, try reading in these blanks and see if “escaping essence” or “immortal soul” or just “soul” pans out. Most of the passages they will not make sense.

 

Phillipeans 1:27  Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit G4151, with one mind G5590  striving together for the faith of the gospel;

 

Here soul is translated as mind, try reading “soul” in this passage, are we to understand everyone in the faith collectively has the same soul? Then if one souls was destroyed then all would be.  The same goes with spirit, pneuma, is often described as the soul.

 

G4151 πνεῦμα pneuma pnyoo’-mah

From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ’s spirit, the Holy spirit: – ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind. Compare G5590.

Total KJV occurrences: 385

 

Now here is what should be done at this juncture, go through the following passages and read, life, person, mind, or living creature instead of “soul” with complete understanding of what the word means. The highlighted sections are the word with swaps.

 

Genesis 2:7  And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living creature.

 

Genesis 12:5  And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the persons that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.

 

Genesis 12:13  Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my breathing body shall live because of thee.

 

Genesis 17:14  And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that person shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.

 

Genesis 19:20  Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my breathing body shall live.

 

Genesis 27:4  And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die.

 

Genesis 27:19  And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy breath may bless me.

 

Genesis 27:25  And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my breath may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank.

 

Genesis 27:31  And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thy breath may bless me.

 

Genesis 34:3  And his person clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel.

 

Genesis 34:8  And Hamor communed with them, saying, The mind of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife.

 

Genesis 35:18  And it came to pass, as her life was in departing, (for she died) that she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin.

 

Genesis 42:21  And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his life, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.

 

Genesis 46:15  These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the persons of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.

 

Genesis 46:18  These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen persons.

 

Genesis 46:22  These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the persons were fourteen.

 

Genesis 46:25  These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the persons were seven.

 

Genesis 46:26  All the persons that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the persons were threescore and six;

 

You get the idea…

 

The reason for this is the vastness of information in scripture which backs up this point of view, rather than a relatively small number of passages certain individuals use to try and switch the meaning of a word.

 

And the final point for this is simply this and do a word search in the bible for soul, and heaven they are not used together anywhere in scripture. Having done this even looking for the root words, and still to no avail, the ideology people go to heaven in scripture just doesn’t exist, it’s simply not written in the bible.  To back up the idea the mind/consciousness is indeed part of the body, and not separate, we only need to turn to the volumes of modern science, some of which can be found at the Journal of Neuroscience.

 

In the scientific field of study, people have been consistently measuring almost anything measurable about the brain for the last 30 years or more, the findings show:

 

Minds are changed by chemicals.

Minds are changed by electrical pulses.

Minds are changed by cellular reproduction.

Minds are changed by misshapen structure also.

And others.

 

There is a great deal of conversation on this ideology all over the world, because of this athiests have been gaining huge ground, and why? Because they do understand that popular Christianity is indeed lying, and science does support this. Do not believe in an Immortal soul for 2 reasons. One the ideological understanding of the bible does not teach it. Two the ideology found in the world God created has been found by scientists the world over doesn’t back the immortal soul.

 

Psalms 145:9 to 11  The LORD is good to all: and his tender mercies are over all his works.  All thy works shall praise thee, O LORD; and thy saints shall bless thee.  They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom, and talk of thy power;

 

Psalms 19:1 to 4  To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.  Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.  There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.  Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,

 

So then in conclusion.

 

Acts 2:29 to 34  Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.  Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;  He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.  This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.  Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.  For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

 

Acts 1:11  Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

 

 

We find Jesus is the one person to ascend, and he did so in body.  Now concerning some of the spurious ideas of where the seat of the soul in the human body may be found.

 

1) The heart, this is bunk, because people have gotten artificial hearts and lived for a number of years, and people get heart transplants and it doesn’t change their personalities.

 

2) The pineal gland, ok first of all this is a gland, this secretes hormones which effect the human growth rate, there are limited neurological processes, this has been measured to take place there.

 

Now we know people way back in history have made various assumptions on these types, and been proven very wrong before. Just because people knew about a certain body part doesn’t mean they understand it. All this proves is they were capable of killing or dissecting enough people to find the body part.

 

The phrase “give up the ghost” in the New Testament.

 

Mark 15:37  And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. G1606

 

Luke 23:46  And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. G1606

 

Acts 5:5  And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: G1634 and great fear came on all them that heard these things.

 

Acts 5:10  Then fell she down straightway at hi feet, and yielded up the ghost: G1634 and the young men came in, and found her dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her husband.

 

Acts 12:23  And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost. G1634

 

Luke 23:46  And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. G1606

 

G1606 ἐκπνέω ekpneō

From G1537 and G4154; to expire: – give up the ghost.

 

G1537 ἐκ, ἐξ ek ex

A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote):

G4154 πνέω pneō

A primary word; to breathe hard, that is, breeze: – blow. Compare G5594.

 

G1634ἐκψύχωekpsuchō

From G1537 and G5594; to expire: – give (yield) up the ghost.

 

G5594 ψύχω psuchō

A primary verb; to breathe (voluntarily but gently; thus differing on the one hand from G4154, which denotes properly a forcible respiration; and on the other from the base of G109, which refers properly to an inanimate breeze), that is, (by implication of reduction of temperature by evaporation) to chill (figuratively): – wax cold.

 

This word literally has a meaning to die, or quit breathing, and as is visible even in the root definition literally means “to stop breathing”.

 

John 19:30  When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished:and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.G4151

 

Matthew 27:50  (G1161) Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. G4151

 

These two accounts read differently in the original language in John it is literally read “inclined the head surrendering the breath” in the Greek.  In Matthew it is read “screamed once more big sound letting go his breath” in the Greek.  Keep in mind while these 2 passages are phrased differently, and include a word often translated a soul, the other two accounts read with a phrasing of to expire or to cease breathing, in a very literal sense. My point is all of the accounts say the same thing, Jesus breathed his last and died, rather than an out of context spiritual rendition of an “immortal soul” escaping his body. Let us examine this in the Old Testament.

 

Genesis 25:8  Then Abraham gave up the ghost, H1478 and died H4191 in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people.

 

Genesis 25:17  And these are  the years of the life H2416 of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost H1478 and died; H4191 and was gathered unto his people.

 

Genesis 35:29  And Isaac gave up the ghost, H1478 and died, H4191 and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

 

Genesis 49:33  And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, H1478 and was gathered unto his people.

 

Job 3:11  Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost H1478 when I came out of the belly?

 

Job 10:18  Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, H1478 and no eye had seen me!

 

Job 13:19  Who is he that will plead with me? For now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost. H1478

 

Job 14:10  But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, H1478 and where is he?

 

Lamentations 1:19  I called for my lovers, but they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost H1478 in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls. H5315

 

This verse has a word for the phrase give up the ghost and its meaning is to expire or cease breathing as well.

 

H1478 גּוע gâva‛gaw-vah’

A primitive root; to breathe out, that is, (by implication) expire:

 

 

Job 11:20  But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

 

This verse does not refer to an individual “the wicked”.

 

Jeremiah 15:9  She that hath borne seven languisheth: she hath given up the ghost; her sun is gone down while it was yet day: she hath been ashamed and confounded: and the residue of them will I deliver to the sword before their enemies, saith the LORD.

 

This passage is mentions the destruction of Jerusalem, and is personification, but no matter it is not referring to a specific person as the others do, and also in context refers to a group of wicked people.

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